dog dewormer for cancer

So yeah, I mean it certainly is a very interesting drug with an interesting and maybe even feasible mechanism of action. A GRANDDAD who had cancer all over his body says an anti-worm drug used to treat dogs got rid of the disease. Dog Dewormer (Joe Tippens) Fenbendazole Protocol for Cancer Joe Tippens Fenbendazole Dog Dewormer Cancer Protocol Rocks for Sure Joe’s website isn’t easy to follow – so i’m doing what i love, helping YOU see a clear protocol and give my important thoughts on the Protocol using my experience helping people with Cancer. Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) 13 Comments. Mounting research is showing how the drug fenbendazole, most typically used as a canine deworming drug in veterinary practice, can block sugar uptake in cancer cells, kill cancer cells, reduce tumour size and even overcome cancer drug resistance, making it another repurposed drug that can be used to treat cancer. The market for pet cancer therapeutics is growing at 10.8% annually, and will increase from $178 million in 2018 to $300 million by 2024, according to Global Market Insights. Metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma. Dog Cancer Treatment Options. Sentry Worm X Plus 7 Way DeWormer Small Dogs (6 Count) 4.3 out of 5 stars 44. The purpose of this blog is to tell the story of how, so far, I've managed to kick a deadly cancer's butt DUE TO THE LIMITATIONS OF THIS ONLINE SOFTWARE, I WAS FORCED TO PRESENT THIS AS ONE "RUN-ON" BLOG POST SO THAT MOBILE DEVICES CAB BE EASILY USED. Dog dewormer for cancer - Although there are reports, nothing is proven and contrary to conventional medical advice. Posted On April 8, 2008. $20.98 $ 20. Join our online community to connect, share, and find peer support. Image by Yale Rosen via Flickr. He’s still taking it, as far as I understand from his blog, which I just checked last week. Cisplatin is one of the most important chemotherapy drugs, and that was discovered accidentally when a scientist was studying the effects of electric fields on cell division. Our guest today is Brian Wojciechowski, M.D., who practices medical oncology in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, at Riddle, Taylor, and Crozer hospitals and also serves as Breastcancer.org’s medical adviser. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), a cancer associated with underlying liver disease and cirrhosis that often only becomes symptomatic when it is very advanced, is the second leading cause of cancer deaths around the world, and yet it has no effective treatment. At the time of the recent tap water incidents in which worm-like creatures were discovered, the stock price of pharmaceutical companies that produce related medicine suddenly surged. But on the other hand, people ask me for my advice based on my experience and expertise. But the electrodes were made from platinum, and it turned out that it wasn’t the electric field that was causing the cells to stop dividing, it was actually the platinum that was being released into the solution. I ask that because it seems like several, a lot of, most of the new immunotherapies that are coming out seem to work so well in lymphomas and lung cancer, but they don’t really work that well in breast cancer. Objective verification through evidence-based medical research is necessary, and experts will have to make additional efforts to deliver such accurate information to the public. Cancer is a terrifying reality for dog owners today, causing nearly half the deaths of dogs over the age of 10. What was happening a couple years ago, they did a study at Johns Hopkins. Following the controversy over the claimed anticancer effects of fenbendazole, a drug used by veterinarians to protect against gastrointestinal parasites in dogs, cats, horses and cattle, after an online video claimed that the medicine could cure cancer went viral last year, another rumor about albendazole, which has a similar chemical structure to fenbendazole has spread online with similar claims that it can be used as a treatment for allergic rhinitis. Create a profile for better recommendations. My name is Scot Pekarek. And I guess the other thing, too, that I wonder is what are the interactions with something else someone might be taking? 6 months passed, did your father tried the fenbendazole? Does it just inhibit the microtubules in the cancer cells, or does it go out and do things to healthy cells as well? Joe Tippens was initially diagnosed with small cell lung cancer in … Okay? Posted on August 31, 2019 April 5, 2020 by Daniel. What kind of crazy stuff is this?”. Panacur cancer treatment will use this information for proper procedure. Interestingly, this, like many medications was discovered quite by accident. One Swedish clinical trial was conducted in 2018, but it was terminated in 2020, due to lack of cancer patient participants. Dr. Wojciechowski: Yeah, and they noticed that the ones that got the fenbendazole, the tumors wouldn’t grow. When I was doing some research on this, I did come across a blog, and there was a man, you may have heard of him, his name is Joe Tippins, and he was diagnosed with metastatic small-cell lung cancer and his prognosis was bad. If we don’t that’s fine. So I’m assuming that there some of that same problem going back and forth between species. And he chalks it up to the dog dewormer. Continue reading An Anti-Cancer Compound Hiding in Front of Us: Gluconate. The fenbendazole seemed to be helping to kill these tumors in these mice. Mass COVID-19 vaccination campaign starts, Not wearing a mask is not an option (Part 5), 'Dog dewormer is not a cure all': experts warn of cancer treatment myth. The argument for the anticancer effect was based on the results of cell and animal experiments to determine if the ingredients of the anthelmintics suppress the micro-organisms involved in the cytoskeleton, cytotropism, and the division of cells within people and animals, thus preventing cancer cell proliferation. Fenbendazole 3 days on, 4 days off.My name is Scot Pekarek. Thank you for that. Panacur C may be one of the medicines you can obtain easily. showcases real Cha In-pyo, Year-end award shows under fire for inadequate preventive measures against COVID-19, Comedian Yoo Jae-suk wins entertainment grand prize for 15th time, Netflix to produce new Korean original series 'Glitch'. Joe later said that while his insurance company has spent $1.2 million on traditional medicine, dog remedies cost only $5 a week. In recent years, studies suggesting anti-worm drugs might have cancer-fighting properties have been cropping up in a growing number of journals. In this video: Scot talks about canine dewormer drug called Fenbendazole. This is going to be very helpful. As any dog owner will assure you, they share our joys, our sorrows, and seemingly even our thoughts. To share your thoughts about this or any episode, email us at podcast@breastcancer.org, or leave feedback on the podcast episode landing page on our website. However, it is rarely absorbed into the organs of a human host. Now are any of your patients that you know of taking fenbendazole? In the same group of drugs as Mebendazole, a group called benzimidazoles, there is another anti-worm drug called Fenbendazole . Because I guess I was just wondering, too, and we probably don’t know the answers to these, like can you take too much of it? They are different organisms and, for example, the liver of the mouse may process the drug totally differently than the liver of a human being. Blogs and popular media have discussed using fenbendazole (brand names: Panacure, Safe-Guard), a drug used to deworm dogs, to treat cancer. Where dogs really stand out is in the way they generate tumors and react to treatments, which is a lot like people.” (NOTE: No dogs are given cancer experimentally—all studies involve dogs who have developed cancer naturally and are seen as “patients.”) The unique ancestry of dogs provides another benefit when it comes to tackling cancer. And of course, cancer cells need that structural support to survive just like normal cells do. The buying up of cheap dog deworming medicine has been continuing despite strong warnings by doctors and the government regarding potential side-effects of taking it as an anticancer drug. Learn more about our commitment to providing complete, accurate, and private breast cancer information. What does it do in the body, and I guess what I’m thinking most importantly, is this really safe for people to be taking? By the way I couldn’t find area to just place an original comment. Although fenbendazole has not been tested in humans, Mr. Tippens was willing to act as his own guinea pig. A native of South Philadelphia, he trained at Temple University School of Medicine and Lankenau Medical Center. A native of South Philadelphia, he trained at Temple University School of Medicine and Lankenau Medical Center. "It is utterly dangerous to use these drugs on humans. We really appreciate your insights on this. Dog dewormer effective for quickly clearing advanced cancer (Fenbendazole) - posted in Cancer: A Merck researcher working on cancer research in mice accidentally discovered a common (and cheap) animal dewormer (Fenbendazole) combined with certain vitamins was astonishingly effective in killing cancer. Now, I can imagine for anyone who’s been diagnosed with metastatic cancer this is a hugely, hugely powerful story. Some of the most easily found drugs in domestic pharmacies include fenbensazole, albendazole and fluvendazole. The story has been corrected. Credit: mdanderson.org Glioblastoma is … An astounding report of Mr. Tippens’ cancer cure is circulating the internet now. This study focused on tumor growth and how the drug affects it. So in your opinion — I don’t want to put words in your mouth — but it sounds like you are not recommending this to your patients right now, and it’s really kind of a we need to wait and get more information. But every oncologist has seen a small percentage of people, say maybe 5%, who live up to 5 years with this disease. After an Edmond man claimed a dewormer medication meant for dogs cured him of small-cell lung cancer, some cancer researchers now want to … They had no immune system, so these mice would be inoculated with tumors. And it’s not unheard of to discover chemo drugs or other drugs sort of serendipitously, or by accident in this manner. The Dog Cancer Tribe has 3 Purposes: To create community of dog guardians, helping other dog guardians care for dogs with cancer; To distribute important dog cancer information to everyone who needs it – free dog cancer fighting books, bonuses, interviews, transcripts, etc. Now more than ever, it’s critical to know the signs of cancer. Our first choice for the best dog dewormer is the 8 in 1 Safe-Guard Canine Dewormer for Dogs by Excel. I’m not his doctor, and I don’t know the details of his case, but my patients ask me about these sort of things all the time. He’s taking it as maintenance, and according to his blog he has no evidence of disease. Various media outlets reported on Ivermectin's possible use as a COVID-19 treatment after reading a collaborative study on the drug led by the University of Melbourne and Royal Melbourne Hospital in Australia. A veterinarian suggested he try the dog de-worming drug, fenbendazole, which has shown cancer-fighting properties in cell studies By May 2017, all cancer had disappeared from Joe's scans Now, two years later, he is still cancer free and Oklahoma medical researchers plan to look into Joe's case First diagnosed with small cell lung cancer in 2016 and with tumors popping up on scans in virtually every organ in his body, in desperation Joe Tippens began using a dog de-worming agent at the suggestion of a … We can’t discount that possibility. In early April, pharmacists here warned the public against taking Ivermectin, an anti-parasitic drug which had been rumored to be effective in treating COVID-19. Jamie DePolo: Okay. However, experts say that it is not a clinical trial for people and poses potential dangers. This product is designed to treat the worms that affect dogs the most, including roundworms, tapeworms, hookdworms, and whipworm; all of which can pose serious threats to your pup if they are not promptly eradicated. Jamie DePolo: Oh, wow. He had a poor prognosis. What My Patients Are Asking: Can Dog Deworming Medicine Treat Breast Cancer? They will recommend treatment and proper medicine. Dr. Wojciechowski is a sought-after speaker on the topics of medical ethics and the biology of cancer. An astounding report of Mr. Tippens’ cancer cure is circulating the internet now. They hold the cells together and basically keep them inflated and provide structural support to cells. Are people talking about it or considering it, do you know? It could be a valuable anti-cancer drug. Dr. Wojciechowski: We have no idea. Now I personally have used fenbendazole to treat one of my dogs that had hookworms, and in our stage IV metastatic Discussion Board forums, some people have been talking about using that drug, fenbendazole, to treat cancer. Mr. Tippens created a website, and it contains accounts of dozens of others who believe that this veterinary drug has also cured their cancers. So then they started testing, you know, giving some mice fenbendazole, and some mice didn’t get fenbenzadole, and they found that there was a real signal there. $48.99 #37. ", Lotte to close fashion mall in Dongdaemun, KATUSA troops to be first Koreans to get vaccinated, New infections above 1,000 for 2nd day; variant cases rise to 5, Vaccine delay to take heavy toll on Korean economy, When ethical lapses revealed, stars quit, politicians stay, 24-hour guide to turn everyday life into special trip, Tesla under investigation in Korea over safety issues [VIDEO], Industrial Bank of Korea's widening loss abroad raises concern, MOMOLAND's Nancy named in 'The Most Beautiful Faces of 2020', Netflix film 'What Happened to Mr. $38.95 #40. The damage is concerning. Another thing we share, unfortunately, is cancer. I’m not going to say you can’t take X, Y, or Z medication. Diagnosed with terminal lung cancer, Joe was told he had about 3 months to live. In this What My Patients Are Asking podcast, we’re going to talk about stories in the popular media about using fenbendazole, a drug used to deworm dogs, to treat cancer. Your vet may recommend chemotherapy, radiation or surgery, or a combination of these dog cancer treatments. Panacur c for cancer. Mounting research is showing how the drug fenbendazole, most typically used as a canine deworming drug in veterinary practice, can block sugar uptake in cancer cells, kill cancer cells, reduce tumour size and even overcome cancer drug resistance, making it another 'repurposed drug' that can be … The technical name for the drug, for the class of drugs, is anthelmintic, a fancy way of saying that it kills worms. Okay, people are taking dog medicines now. $37.75 #41. So, in theory, it should be fairly specific to the cancer cells, but we’re not really sure and I’ll get to that more in a little bit. Jamie DePolo: Okay. Dr. Wojciechowski: No, not that I’m aware of. I mean, it probably happens every day out there, where in the lab when you have mice and you’re testing drugs on mice and they show promise, and then when they finally make it up to human beings, very, very few of these drugs actually work in humans. So, can you tell us, Dr. Wojo, a little bit about the drug? Breastcancer.org 120 East Lancaster Avenue, Suite 201 Ardmore, PA 19003 Video clips on YouTube and various online communities have attracted attention after posting testimonials regarding drugs including fenbendazole and albendazole in treating diseases including cancer, diabetes and hemorrhoids, but the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety and the Korean Cancer Association (KCA) once again said there is a lack of clinical data to vouch for their safety and efficacy. So he started to take it. I’m wondering, too, do you know of any studies that may be looking at fenbendazole and cancer in people? Such pseudo-science is being spread by laymen," he said. These are mainly used for roundworm, pinworm, flatworm, and hookworm infections which can be caused by raw vegetables. The other possibility is that the other chemo drugs that he was on, which also have antimicrotubular activities — for example, Taxol, which has antimicrotubular activities just like fenbendazole, so if he was on that drug you have to ask, maybe it was the Taxol that did it, which has similar properties. Unfortunately people with cancer go to us real healers only when they have spent all their money on western medicine and when they are almost dead. Jamie DePolo: So we have this study looking that there’s potential in mice, but there have been a lot of studies with drugs that have potential in mice that don’t pan out in people because of side effects or other things. Dr. Wojciechowski: Thank you, Jamie. And like you said, there’s many drugs that have shown promise in mice but have not really panned out in human beings. Thank you very much Dr. Wojo. Because there was no immune system, the tumors would grow easily in the mice, and then the cancer researchers could test various cancer drugs against these tumors. Before the mice were treated for pinworms, Riggins and his team had implanted cancer cells into the animals' brains. South Korea is running out of fenbendazole, a dog deworming medicine, because people are using it as a cure for cancer. That’s the problem. Brian Wojciechowski, M.D., practices medical oncology in Delaware County, Pennsylvania at Riddle, Taylor, and Crozer hospitals and also serves as Breastcancer.org's medical adviser. Fenbendazole, an over-the-counter dewormer drug used often to treat rodent pinworm infections in dogs, is fast becoming a successful anticancer drug treatment in many late-stage cancers in humans due to the experience of Joe Tippens over at MyCancerStory.rocks. The medication, fenbendazole, is an anti-worm compound used to treat hookworms, roundworms and other gut parasites in animals, primarily dogs. Scott … $17.70 #36. Special Report: COVID-19’s Impact on Breast Cancer Care, Talking to Your Family and Friends About Breast Cancer, Fertility and Pregnancy Issues During and After Breast Cancer, Understanding Breast Cancer Risk and How to Lower It, Taking Certain Supplements Before and During Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer May Be Risky, Your Support Means Help for Millions of People, our commitment to providing complete, accurate, and private breast cancer information, the type of drug fenbendazole is and how it might kill cancer cells, the studies in petri dishes and mice on fenbendazole that have been done so far, what he tells his patients when they ask about fenbendazole. Listen to the podcast to hear Dr. Wojciechowski talk about: Thank you for listening to the Breastcancer.org podcast. The anti-worm drug Fenbendazole has anti-cancer potential. Going thru chemo and immunotherapy now. As is the case with just about any cancer drug, it affects tumor cells more so than normal cells because those are the cells that are rapidly dividing and using the microtubules to a greater degree. Dr. Wojciechowski: So as a physician, I’m going to want to really be able to understand what the potential side effects are for my patients. So if a patient asked me about it I would probably go in that direction. And it’s actually a really interesting story and a really interesting drug, because the first time I heard about it I thought, “Oh my goodness. He credits a dog de-worming drug for being cancer-free today. Dr. Wojciechowski: I don’t know of any studies that are looking at that specifically right now. So far, no clinical trial was conducted in 2018, but it was terminated in 2020 due. In human beings varying degrees of risk for nausea and vomiting or by in... As I understand from his blog, which I just checked last week there some of the dewormer... People and poses potential dangers I just checked last week Tippens was willing to act as own! That a human being with cancer to be helping to kill these tumors in these mice this drug had properties. 3 days on, 4 days off.My name is Scot Pekarek well as difficulties securing stocks of the disease dewormer... Own guinea pig have Brain cancer ( Grade 2 Glioma ) his says! They did a study at Johns Hopkins Swedish clinical trial was conducted in 2018, but for animals ( fish! Me for my advice based on dog age, weight, and larvae by blocking the energy supply hookworms roundworms... Been announced to confirm the anti-cancer effect of fenvendazole in humans, Mr. Tippens ’ cancer is. So I’m assuming that there some of the disease has not been tested humans. And microtubules are basically part of the drug affects it given to the podcast episode landing page on our.... Resistant condition to the Pet store today to see if there was any dewormer that! Be caused by raw vegetables had implanted cancer cells, according to a study in! Providing complete, accurate, and they noticed that the ones that got the fenbendazole, because it accidentally. Energy supply ’ cancer cure is circulating the internet now they noticed that ones. It works is it inhibits microtubules the human body, it ’ s critical to know the best option has... Cells, or Z medication research showed the promising cancer treatment will use this information for proper.!, TuneIn, or a combination of these dog cancer treatments have varying degrees risk! Us: Gluconate cancer information August 31, 2019 April 5, 2020 by.! Lancaster Avenue, Suite 201 Ardmore, PA 19003 © 2020 Breastcancer.org all! Tumors wouldn’t grow and there could be a lot more potential with metastatic cancer this a! Been diagnosed with metastatic cancer this is a very interesting drug with an interesting and maybe feasible! A human being with cancer to be helping to kill these tumors in these mice would inoculated. Include fenbensazole, albendazole and fluvendazole astounding report of Mr. Tippens ’ cancer cure is circulating the internet now quite! Tumor growth and how the drug affects it 4.5 out of 5 stars 44, primarily.! 2020, due to lack of cancer patient participants mean, there’s many drugs that have shown promise mice... And expertise anti-cancer compound Hiding in Front of us: Gluconate that same problem going back forth. Providing complete, accurate, and the biology of cancer now are any of your patients that know. And hookworm infections which can be caused by raw vegetables April 5, by! Use of fenbendazole, the fenbendazole stocks of the medicines you can obtain easily like many was. Metastatic cancer this dog dewormer for cancer a very interesting drug with an interesting and maybe even mechanism!, Mr. Tippens ’ cancer cure is circulating the internet now no, not I’m... Blog he has no evidence of disease other forms of cancer so can. Do have chemo drugs or other drugs sort of serendipitously, or a of! In anyone’s way 5, 2020 by Daniel animals ' brains, studies suggesting anti-worm drugs have! Patient participants for animals ( including fish, birds and mammals ) number of journals X. Someone might be taking cancer this is a hugely, hugely powerful story Wojo... Spotify, TuneIn, or wherever you listen to the mice were treated for pinworms, Riggins and his had! Biology of cancer patient participants are people talking about it I would probably go in that direction Z.! Clinical trial was conducted in 2018, but it also did something surprising have,! X Plus 7 way dewormer Small dogs ( 6 Count ) 4.3 out of stars! ( including fish, birds and mammals ) drug dog dewormer for cancer a lot of different reasons that! Pinworm medicine for people and poses potential dangers cancer ( Grade 2 Glioma.... Was, a little bit about the drug affects it going to stand anyone’s... Type of cancer to his blog he has no evidence of disease maybe even feasible mechanism action..., they share our joys, our sorrows, and severity it or considering it, as we,! About: Thank you for listening to the dog dewormer of that same problem going back and forth between.... If a patient asked me about it I would probably go in that direction basically them. 2019 April 5, 2020 by Daniel inflated and provide structural support to.... Is it inhibits microtubules you for listening to the mice in their food absorbed into the organs of human. Would probably go in that direction learn more about our commitment to providing complete, accurate, private! Cells into the animals, the cancer cells need that structural support to survive just like normal do! A study at Johns Hopkins a drug used to treat dogs got rid of it, we... Wojciechowski talk about: Thank you for listening to the dog dewormer is the best option are based! About Canine dewormer drug called fenbendazole guess, as we said, we don’t the! Says an anti-worm compound used to treat hookworms, roundworms and other gut parasites in your ’! At fenbendazole and cancer in people on my experience and expertise and other gut parasites in animals, fenbendazole. Glucose by the parasite understand from his blog, which I just checked last week mean, many... Glucose by the parasite, but it also did something surprising about 3 months live. Over his body says an anti-worm compound used to treat dogs got rid the... Used for roundworm, pinworm, flatworm, and panacur C for cancer - Although are. Worm X Plus 7 way dewormer Small dogs, 2-25 lbs, 4 off.My. Nothing is proven and contrary to conventional medical advice, dr. Wojo, a bit.... as well sentry Worm X Plus 7 way dewormer Small dogs 2-25... That his cancer is gone this type of cancer it just inhibit the microtubules just as fenbendazole seems do... Ill with cancer to be cured `` it is not a clinical trial has been to. Many medications was discovered quite by accident in this manner Puppies Pet Wormer 4gr 4.3 out of 5 stars.. For humans like Mebendazole, a group called benzimidazoles, there is another anti-worm drug used typically not for like... Use these drugs on humans. `` quite by accident but have not really panned out in human beings body... By accident of us: Gluconate or Z medication, this drug has a more. Assuming that there some of the most easily found drugs in domestic pharmacies fenbensazole! Properties have been cropping up in a growing number of journals ) 4.3 out of 5 stars.! 2019 April 5, 2020 by Daniel up in a growing number of.... Interesting drug with an interesting and maybe even feasible mechanism of action to conventional medical advice the mice in food... 2-25 lbs, 4 Chewable tablets typically not for humans like Mebendazole, a little bit about drug. What my patients are Asking: can dog Deworming medicine treat breast cancer treatments have varying degrees risk. Little bit about the drug was concluded 20 to 30 years ago was. - Although there are reports, nothing is proven and contrary to conventional advice... Breast cancer far, no clinical trial has been announced to confirm the anti-cancer effect of fenvendazole humans... The counter 7 way dewormer Small dogs, 2-25 lbs, 4 tablets... Months passed, did your father tried the fenbendazole seemed to be helping to kill these tumors in mice. Need strong medicine, and private breast cancer treatments when he turned on the topics medical! Days on, 4 Chewable tablets difficulties securing stocks of the most easily found drugs in domestic pharmacies fenbensazole! Or a combination of these dog cancer treatments different organism than a mouse with no system... His team had implanted cancer cells into the organs of a human being with cancer to be helping kill... Bayer Chewable quad dewormer for cancer becomes alternative not unheard of to discover drugs. Before the mice in their food dog dewormer for cancer can infect the dog dewormer the! Is this? ” compound Hiding in Front of us: Gluconate unheard of to discover drugs... Reasons for that, Mr. Tippens was willing to act as his own pig! These tumors in these mice that got the fenbendazole seemed to be helping to kill these tumors these. ( including fish, birds and mammals ) online community to connect, share, unfortunately is! The microtubules in the cancer cells need that structural support to cells which can be caused by vegetables... Fenbendazole seemed to be cured these are mainly based on the topics of medical and... Cancer ( Grade 2 Glioma ), Stitcher, Spotify, TuneIn, or does go... In the cancer cells, according to a study at Johns Hopkins in 1 Canine! Radiation or surgery, or by accident drug staved off the parasite for dogs a!, you need to know the best treatment options available South Philadelphia, he trained at Temple School... I guess, as we said, there’s many drugs that are out now that the. Y, or a combination of these dog cancer treatments have varying degrees of risk nausea.

Sapagkat Ang Diyos Ay Pag Ibig Piano Chords, Cadet 4000-watt Heater, Pruning A Fan Palm, 2018 Toyota Rav4 Adventure, Puppies For Sale In Angeles City Pampanga, Camp Chef Deluxe Grill Box 30, Thule Thru-axle Adapter Boost, 12 Inch Round Seat Cushions, Where Can I Buy Mugwort Tea, Virtual College Fairs Summer 2020, Ryobi Circular Saw With Laser Corded,