On the seventh day, march around the city seven times, with the priests blowing the trumpets. You are to set an ambush behind the city. (GD) 7 So he raised up their sons in their place, and these were the ones Joshua circumcised.  But in Joshua Israel is obedient, Joshua is faithful, and God fulfills his promise and gives them the land. As I was with(M) Moses, so I will be with you; I will never leave you nor forsake(N) you. That night Joshua went into the valley. 13 The seven priests carrying the seven trumpets went forward, marching before the ark of the Lord and blowing the trumpets. 3 I will give you every place where you set your foot,(F) as I promised Moses. For the Lord has given you the city! :71–72 Given its lack of historicity, Carolyn Pressler in her commentary for the Westminster Bible Companion series suggests that readers of Joshua should give priority to its theological message ("what passages teach about God") and be aware of what these would have meant to audiences in the 7th and 6th centuries BCE. The only exception is in the battle of Ai (Joshua 7). March around the city, with an armed guard going ahead of the ark(GZ) of the Lord.”. (HC) 16 The seventh time around, when the priests sounded the trumpet blast, Joshua commanded the army, “Shout! Tell them, ‘Consecrate yourselves(JK) in preparation for tomorrow; for this is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says: There are devoted things among you, Israel. 34 Afterward, Joshua read all the words of the law—the blessings and the curses—just as it is written in the Book of the Law. Entrance into and conquest of Canaan (2:1–12:24), III. Numbers 21), and the 31 kings on the west of the Jordan who were defeated under Joshua's leadership (Joshua 12:7–24). 6 Then Joshua tore his clothes(IS) and fell facedown(IT) to the ground before the ark of the Lord, remaining there till evening. Archaeological evidence in the 1930s showed that the city of Ai, an early target for conquest in the putative Joshua account, had existed and been destroyed, but in the 22nd century BCE. And Joshua took the stone knives with which he had circumcised the children of Israel, which were in the way in the wilderness, and he placed them in Tamnath Sarach.. This is what I have done: 21 When I saw in the plunder(JX) a beautiful robe from Babylonia,[n] two hundred shekels[o] of silver and a bar of gold weighing fifty shekels,[p] I coveted(JY) them and took them. Joshua 1:9 9 Have I not commanded you? Then all Israel stoned him,(KC) and after they had stoned the rest, they burned them. (KZ) 16 All the men of Ai were called to pursue them, and they pursued Joshua and were lured away(LA) from the city. 10 On the evening of the fourteenth day of the month,(GG) while camped at Gilgal on the plains of Jericho, the Israelites celebrated the Passover. 22 Then Joshua summoned the Gibeonites and said, “Why did you deceive us by saying, ‘We live a long way(NK) from you,’ while actually you live near(NL) us? Joshua thus illustrates the central Deuteronomistic message, that obedience leads to success and disobedience to ruin. (KO) Set an ambush(KP) behind the city.”, 3 So Joshua and the whole army moved out to attack Ai. 17 The clans of Judah came forward, and the Zerahites were chosen. God had commanded the Israelites to devote everything No one went out and no one came in. He invited the Israelites to choose between serving the Lord who had delivered them from Egypt, or the gods which their ancestors had served on the other side of the Euphrates, or the gods of the Amorites in whose land they now lived. (GH) 11 The day after the Passover, that very day, they ate some of the produce of the land:(GI) unleavened bread(GJ) and roasted grain. (GK) 12 The manna stopped the day after[i] they ate this food from the land; there was no longer any manna for the Israelites, but that year they ate the produce of Canaan. Go after them quickly. In Deuteronomistic theology, "rest" meant Israel's unthreatened possession of the land, the achievement of which began with the conquests of Joshua. (KF) Then the Lord turned from his fierce anger. Then the army returned to camp and spent the night there. So the Lord’s anger burned(IJ) against Israel.(IK). There are several things to note about this incident. (LD) 19 As soon as he did this, the men in the ambush rose quickly(LE) from their position and rushed forward. 9) Joshua is said to have written parts of the book himself (8:32; 24:26) c. Some parts of the book were written latter than Joshua, but not much later: 1) The phrase “to this day” suggests a time later, but not much later, than the 8 A reduced version of the Septuagint text is found in the illustrated Joshua Roll. 22 So Joshua sent messengers, and they ran to the tent, and there it was, hidden in his tent, with the silver underneath. The Lord will bring trouble on you today.”. (LI) 23 But they took the king of Ai alive(LJ) and brought him to Joshua. Disobedience appears in the story of Achan (stoned for violating the herem command), the Gibeonites, and the altar built by the Transjordan tribes. 10 But Joshua had commanded the army, “Do not give a war cry, do not raise your voices, do not say a word until the day I tell you to shout. Then you will be prosperous and successful. " In doing this he is carrying out herem as commanded by Yahweh in Deuteronomy 20:17: "You shall not leave alive anything that breathes". 25 Twelve thousand men and women fell that day—all the people of Ai. Both the foreigners living among them and the native-born(MB) were there. Joshua 1 - NIV: After the death of Moses the servant of the LORD, the LORD said to Joshua son of Nun, Moses’ aide: “Moses my servant is dead. This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 06:00. While it seems simple (the author is Moses or not), scholars don’t necessarily treat it as a yes or no question—they also have to consider that Moses may have written part of Genesis.For some, orthodoxy simply suggests that Moses wrote the whole Pentateuch, perhaps with the exception of postmosaica passages such as Genes… See How They All Connect. 2 After three days(CW) the officers(CX) went throughout the camp,(CY) 3 giving orders to the people: “When you see the ark of the covenant(CZ) of the Lord your God, and the Levitical(DA) priests(DB) carrying it, you are to move out from your positions and follow it. , The Israelites cross the Jordan River through a miraculous intervention of God and the Ark of the Covenant and are circumcised at Gibeath-Haaraloth (translated as hill of foreskins), renamed Gilgal in memory. Now therefore arise, go over this Jordan, you and all this people, into the land that I am giving to them, to the people of Israel. 7 And the Lord said to Joshua, “Today I will begin to exalt you(DF) in the eyes of all Israel, so they may know that I am with you as I was with Moses. 12 The men of Reuben,(FB) Gad(FC) and the half-tribe of Manasseh(FD) crossed over, ready for battle, in front of the Israelites,(FE) as Moses had directed them. (AR) Only may the Lord your God be with you as he was with Moses. , The Book of Joshua holds little historical value.  The earliest parts of the book are possibly chapters 2–11, the story of the conquest; these chapters were later incorporated into an early form of Joshua written late in the reign of king Josiah (reigned 640–609 BCE), but the book was not completed until after the fall of Jerusalem to the Neo-Babylonian Empire in 586 BCE, and possibly not until after the return from the Babylonian exile in 539 BCE. The people's pledge of loyalty to Joshua as the successor of Moses recalls royal practices. 8 Pardon your servant, Lord.  This kind of critique is not new; Jonathan Boyarin notes how Frederick W. Turner blamed Israel's monotheism for the very idea of genocide, which Boyarin found "simplistic" yet with precedents.  Some alternate sites for Ai have been proposed which would partially resolve the discrepancy in dates, but these sites have not been widely accepted. 24 Then Joshua, together with all Israel, took Achan son of Zerah, the silver, the robe, the gold bar, his sons(JZ) and daughters, his cattle, donkeys and sheep, his tent and all that he had, to the Valley of Achor. 24 They said to Joshua, “The Lord has surely given the whole land into our hands;(CS) all the people are melting in fear(CT) because of us.”, 3 Early in the morning Joshua and all the Israelites set out from Shittim(CU) and went to the Jordan,(CV) where they camped before crossing over. Joshua Installed as Leader 1 After the death of Moses the servant of the Lord , the Lord said to Joshua son of Nun, Moses’ aide: 2 “Moses my servant is dead. The tribe the Lord chooses(JM) shall come forward clan by clan; the clan the Lord chooses shall come forward family by family; and the family the Lord chooses shall come forward man by man. 6 Now the gates of Jericho(GR) were securely barred because of the Israelites. “"ow it came to pass after the death of Moses the servant of Jehovah, that Jehovah spake unto Joshua the son of "un, Moses’ minister, saying, Moses my servant is dead; now 15 Then the Lord said to Joshua, 16 “Command the priests carrying the ark of the covenant law(FJ) to come up out of the Jordan.”, 17 So Joshua commanded the priests, “Come up out of the Jordan.”. 17 Not a man remained in Ai or Bethel who did not go after Israel. And our clothes and sandals are worn out by the very long journey.”. (Z) 9 Have I not commanded you? NIV, Story of Jesus: Experience the Life of Jesus as One Seamless Story, NIV, Quest Study Bible, Comfort Print: The Only Q and A Study Bible, NIV, Beautiful Word Bible Journal, Luke, Comfort Print, NIV, Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible, Red Letter Edition: Bringing to Life the Ancient World of Scripture. The armed men went ahead of them and the rear guard followed the ark of the Lord, while the trumpets kept sounding. Be strong and courageous. 3 Every place on which the sole of your foot treads, I have given it to you, just as I spoke to Moses. 12 “Now then, please swear to me(BV) by the Lord that you will show kindness(BW) to my family, because I have shown kindness to you. Hazor itself is then captured and destroyed. Chapter 22:19 even hints that the land across the Jordan is unclean and that the tribes who live there have secondary status. The people chose to serve the Lord, a decision which Joshua recorded in the Book of the Law of God. Then you will be prosperous and successful. 11 The entire force that was with him marched up and approached the city and arrived in front of it.  Its Hebrew name is the same as its first word, Bereshit ("In the beginning"). THE ICING ON THAT PUDDING THAT BLAZES MY WARPED MIND IS JOSHUA 1:8 .THAT BLEW MY FAITH UP HIGH AGAIN . :183 The "Cities of Refuge" and Levitical cities are attached to the end, since it is necessary for the tribes to receive their grants before they allocate parts of it to others. (FF) 13 About forty thousand armed for battle(FG) crossed over(FH) before the Lord to the plains of Jericho for war. :9, Land is the central topic of Joshua. 9 The armed guard marched ahead of the priests who blew the trumpets, and the rear guard(HA) followed the ark. 1 When Moses, servant of Yahweh, was dead, Yahweh spoke to Joshua son of Nun, Moses' adjutant. The oak is associated with the Oak of Moreh where Abram had set up camp during his travels in this area (Genesis 12:6). Joshua 1:9 NIV Have I not commanded you? Joshua 1:6-9 Three times in His commissioning of Joshua, God admonished him to have courage.  Noth was a student of Albrecht Alt, who emphasized form criticism and the importance of etiology. (MD) 35 There was not a word of all that Moses had commanded that Joshua did not read to the whole assembly of Israel, including the women and children, and the foreigners who lived among them.(ME). (EJ), 4 When the whole nation had finished crossing the Jordan,(EK) the Lord said to Joshua, 2 “Choose twelve men(EL) from among the people, one from each tribe, 3 and tell them to take up twelve stones(EM) from the middle of the Jordan,(EN) from right where the priests are standing, and carry them over with you and put them down at the place where you stay tonight. 14 So on the second day they marched around the city once and returned to the camp. 4 Have seven priests carry trumpets of rams’ horns(GT) in front of the ark. (FQ) 24 He did this so that all the peoples of the earth might know(FR) that the hand of the Lord is powerful(FS) and so that you might always fear the Lord your God.(FT)”. 4 But the woman had taken the two men(BA) and hidden them. (NS) And that is what they are to this day. 27 That day he made the Gibeonites(NQ) woodcutters and water carriers(NR) for the assembly, to provide for the needs of the altar of the Lord at the place the Lord would choose. 2 Then the Lord said to Joshua, “See, I have delivered(GS) Jericho into your hands, along with its king and its fighting men. “Let it be as you say.”, So she sent them away, and they departed. 1998. He chose thirty thousand of his best fighting men and sent them out at night 4 with these orders: “Listen carefully. They went down out of the hills, forded the river and came to Joshua son of Nun and told him everything that had happened to them. (LN) 27 But Israel did carry off for themselves the livestock and plunder of this city, as the Lord had instructed Joshua.(LO). They left the city open and went in pursuit of Israel. At this the hearts of the people melted in fear(IR) and became like water. :79 Obedience ties in the Jordan crossing, the defeat of Jericho and Ai, circumcision and Passover, and the public display and reading of the Law. 15 The commander of the Lord’s army replied, “Take off your sandals, for the place where you are standing is holy.”(GQ) And Joshua did so. :175 "The extermination of the nations glorifies Yahweh as a warrior and promotes Israel's claim to the land," while their continued survival "explores the themes of disobedience and penalty and looks forward to the story told in Judges and Kings. , By the same token, the Biblical narrative of conquest has been used as an apparatus of critique against Zionism. 9 Then Joshua sent them off, and they went to the place of ambush(KT) and lay in wait between Bethel and Ai, to the west of Ai—but Joshua spent that night with the people.  To avoid repeating failed attempts by Moses to have notable men of Israel predict the success rate of entry into Canaan mentioned in the book of Numbers, Joshua tasks two regular men with entering Jericho as spies. 6 They will pursue us until we have lured them away from the city, for they will say, ‘They are running away from us as they did before.’ So when we flee from them, 7 you are to rise up from ambush and take the city. In the Book of Judges, the Books of Samuel, and the Books of Kings, the Israelites become faithless and God ultimately shows his anger by sending his people into exile. :4 The apparent setting of Joshua is the 13th century BCE which was a time of widespread city-destruction, but with a few exceptions (Hazor, Lachish) the destroyed cities are not the ones the Bible associates with Joshua, and the ones it does associate with him show little or no sign of even being occupied at the time. 11 Israel has sinned;(JB) they have violated my covenant,(JC) which I commanded them to keep. Be strong and courageous. :5, In the 1930s Martin Noth made a sweeping criticism of the usefulness of the Book of Joshua for history. Gilgal sounds like Gallothi, "I have removed", but is more likely to translate as "circle of standing stones". The conquest begins with the battle of Jericho, followed by Ai (central Canaan), after which Joshua builds an altar to Yahweh at Mount Ebal in northern Canaan and renews the Covenant in a ceremony with elements of a divine land-grant ceremony, similar to ceremonies known from Mesopotamia. I don’t know which way they went. (KG) Therefore that place has been called the Valley of Achor[q](KH) ever since. Subsequently, 48 cities with their surrounding lands were allocated to the Tribe of Levi (Joshua 21:1–41, cf. The whole assembly grumbled(NG) against the leaders, 19 but all the leaders answered, “We have given them our oath by the Lord, the God of Israel, and we cannot touch them now. Only be strong and courageous!(AT)”. And she tied the scarlet cord, The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the, That is, about 3,000 feet or about 900 meters, That is, about 5 pounds or about 2.3 kilograms, That is, about 1 1/4 pounds or about 575 grams, Most Hebrew manuscripts; some Hebrew manuscripts, Vulgate and Syriac (see also Septuagint), Gain a concise, fundamental grasp of what the Bible is all about with our new, ver 17; S Ge 26:3; S 39:2; Jdg 6:12; 1Sa 10:7; Jer 1:8; 30:11, Ezr 7:26; Ps 78:10; 119:136; Isa 42:24; Jer 26:4-6; 32:23; 44:10, Dt 29:9; 1Sa 18:14; Ps 1:1-3; Isa 52:13; 53:10; Jer 23:5, S Dt 31:6; Jos 10:8; 2Ki 19:6; Isa 35:4; 37:6, S Ex 33:14; Ps 55:6; Isa 11:10; 28:12; 30:15; 32:18; 40:31; Jer 6:16; 45:3; La 5:5, Nu 22:1; Jdg 3:28; 7:24; 12:5, 6; Isa 16:2, S Dt 22:8; Jdg 16:27; 2Sa 16:22; Ne 8:16; Isa 15:3; 22:1; Jer 32:29, Ex 15:14; Jos 5:1; 7:5; 2Sa 4:1; Ps 22:14; Isa 13:7; 19:1; Jer 51:30; Na 2:10, S Ge 24:14; S Ex 3:12; Jos 4:6; 1Sa 2:34; 2Ki 19:29, Jos 10:8; 11:6; Jdg 3:28; 7:9, 14; 20:28; 1Sa 14:10, Dt 5:26; 1Sa 17:26, 36; 2Ki 19:4, 16; Ps 18:46; 42:2; 84:2; Isa 37:4, 17; Jer 10:10; 23:36; Da 6:26; Hos 1:10; S Mt 16:16, S Ex 3:8; S 23:23; S Dt 7:1; Jos 9:1; 11:3; 12:8; Jdg 19:11; 1Ch 11:4, ver 13; Ex 19:5; Dt 10:14; Job 9:10; 28:24; 41:11; Ps 50:12; 97:5; Zec 6:5, 1Ki 8:60; 18:36; 2Ki 5:15; Ps 67:2; 83:18; 106:8; Isa 37:20; 52:10, Ex 15:16; 1Ch 29:12; Ps 44:3; 89:13; 98:1; 118:15-16, ver 20; 1Sa 4:5; 2Sa 6:15; Ezr 3:11; 10:12; Ps 42:4; 95:1; Isa 8:9; 42:13, ver 21; Lev 27:28; Dt 20:17; Isa 13:5; 24:1; 34:2, 5; Mal 4:6, Lev 25:9; Jdg 6:34; 7:22; 1Ki 1:41; Isa 18:3; 27:13; Jer 4:21; 42:14; Am 2:2, Jos 18:12; 1Sa 13:5; 14:23; Hos 4:15; 5:8; 10:5, Ge 12:8; Jos 12:16; 16:1; Jdg 1:22; 1Sa 30:27; 2Ki 23:15; Jer 48:13; Am 3:14; 4:4; 5:5-6; 7:10, 13, S Ge 42:28; Ps 22:14; Isa 13:7; Eze 21:7; Na 2:10, 1Sa 4:12; 2Sa 13:19; 15:32; Ne 9:1; Job 2:12; La 2:10; Eze 27:30; Rev 18:19, Dt 28:58; 1Sa 12:22; Ps 48:10; 106:8; Jer 14:21, S Ex 9:27; Dt 29:27; Jos 24:16-27; 2Ki 17:7; Hos 10:9, ver 15; Jos 6:17-19; 23:16; Jdg 2:20; 1Sa 15:24; Ps 78:10, Dt 7:25; 2Ki 25:9; 1Ch 14:12; Isa 37:19; Jer 43:12; Eze 30:16, Ex 14:17; 1Sa 6:5; Ps 96:8; Isa 42:12; Jer 13:16; Jn 9:24*, S Lev 20:2; Dt 17:5; 1Ki 12:18; 2Ch 10:18; 24:21; Ne 9:26, ver 17; Jos 10:10; 11:19; 18:25; 21:17; 2Sa 2:12; 5:25; 20:8; 1Ki 3:4; 9:2; 1Ch 8:29; 14:16; 16:39; 21:29; 2Ch 1:3; Ne 3:7; Isa 28:21; Jer 28:1; 41:12, S ver 3, 7; Jos 10:1, 4; 11:19; 2Sa 21:2; 24:1, Jos 15:9, 60; 18:14, 15; Jdg 18:12; 1Sa 6:21; 7:2; Ps 132:6; Jer 26:20, ver 15; Jdg 21:1, 7, 18; 1Sa 20:17; Ps 15:4. Similar to the curse of Jericho, the oath mentioned the book of Joshua and it’s usage in 2nd Samuel suggests that the book of Joshua existing prior to 1065 BC. Israel cut them down, leaving them neither survivors nor fugitives. Be strong and very courageous. They did this for six days. 23 Then the two men started back. :63, The prevailing scholarly view is that Joshua is not a factual account of historical events. The Lord your God will give it into your hand. They have taken some of the devoted things; they have stolen, they have lied,(JD) they have put them with their own possessions. Then shout! The Transjordanian tribes are dismissed, affirming their loyalty to Yahweh. The book was probably revised and completed after the fall of Jerusalem to the Neo-Babylonian Empire in 586 BCE, and possibly after the return from the Babylonian exile in 538 BCE. Half of the people stood in front of Mount Gerizim and half of them in front of Mount Ebal,(MC) as Moses the servant of the Lord had formerly commanded when he gave instructions to bless the people of Israel. The enemy kings were eventually hanged on trees. Joshua 1:8 Keep this Book of the Law always on your lips; meditate on it day and night, so that you may be careful to do everything written in it. (JS) He had the clan of the Zerahites come forward by families, and Zimri was chosen. , Joshua meets again with all the people at Shechem in chapter 24 and addresses them a second time. 5 They put worn and patched sandals on their feet and wore old clothes. The Book of Genesis,[a] the first book of the Hebrew Bible and the Christian Old Testament, is an account of the creation of the world, the early history of humanity, Israel's ancestors, and the origins of the Jewish people. With the south conquered the narrative moves to the northern campaign. :180, The narrative then switches to the south. 14 The Israelites sampled their provisions but did not inquire(MZ) of the Lord. At sunset,(LT) Joshua ordered them to take the body from the pole and throw it down at the entrance of the city gate. 20 This is what we will do to them: We will let them live, so that God’s wrath will not fall on us for breaking the oath(NH) we swore to them.” 21 They continued, “Let them live,(NI) but let them be woodcutters and water carriers(NJ) in the service of the whole assembly.” So the leaders’ promise to them was kept. CHAPTER 9 Confederacy Against Israel.  A related moral condemnation can be seen in "The political sacralization of imperial genocide: contextualizing Timothy Dwight's The Conquest of Canaan" by Bill Templer. Moses lived to be 120 (Deuteronomy 34:7) and Joshua lived to be 110 (Joshua 24:29). , Albright questioned the "tenacity" of etiologies, which were key to Noth's analysis of the campaigns in Joshua. :49, God commissions Joshua to take possession of the land and warns him to keep faith with the Mosaic covenant. Joshua was God’s chosen servant (see 24:29 10 Now the priests who carried the ark remained standing in the middle of the Jordan until everything the Lord had commanded Joshua was done by the people, just as Moses had directed Joshua. Joshua, in his old age and conscious that he is "going the way of all the earth" (Joshua 23:14), gathers the leaders of the Israelites together and reminds them of Yahweh's great works for them, and of the need to love Yahweh (Joshua 23:11). (DZ) It piled up in a heap(EA) a great distance away, at a town called Adam in the vicinity of Zarethan,(EB) while the water flowing down(EC) to the Sea of the Arabah(ED) (that is, the Dead Sea(EE)) was completely cut off. They entered the city and captured it and quickly set it on fire.(LF). 14 When the king of Ai saw this, he and all the men of the city hurried out early in the morning to meet Israel in battle at a certain place overlooking the Arabah. They gave to him the city for which he asked, Thamnath Sarach gave they him in Mount Ephraim, and Joshua built the city, and dwelt in it. For exilic and post-exilic readers, the land was both the sign of Yahweh's faithfulness and Israel's unfaithfulness, as well as the centre of their ethnic identity. (EQ) Each of you is to take up a stone on his shoulder, according to the number of the tribes of the Israelites, 6 to serve as a sign(ER) among you. :42 It tells of the campaigns of the Israelites in central, southern and northern Canaan, the destruction of their enemies, and the division of the land among the Twelve Tribes, framed by two set-piece speeches, the first by God commanding the conquest of the land, and, at the end, the second by Joshua warning of the need for faithful observance of the Law (torah) revealed to Moses. It derives from the custom of sacrifice, in which the victims were cut in pieces and offered to the deity invoked in ratification of the engagement.. God's command to Joshua to meditate on the "book of the law" day and night parallels the description of Josiah in 2 Kings 23:25 as a king uniquely concerned with the study of the law. All rights reserved worldwide. (CP), 22 When they left, they went into the hills and stayed there three days,(CQ) until the pursuers(CR) had searched all along the road and returned without finding them. He then erected a memorial stone "under the oak that was by the sanctuary of the Lord" in Shechem (Joshua 24:1-27). (G) 4 Your territory will extend from the desert to Lebanon,(H) and from the great river, the Euphrates(I)—all the Hittite(J) country—to the Mediterranean Sea in the west. (KJ) Take the whole army(KK) with you, and go up and attack Ai. 14 “‘In the morning, present(JL) yourselves tribe by tribe. (LK) 26 For Joshua did not draw back the hand that held out his javelin(LL) until he had destroyed[r](LM) all who lived in Ai. :102 God's commission to Joshua in chapter 1 is framed as a royal installation. Don’t go very far from it. Chapter 12 lists the vanquished kings on both sides of the Jordan River: the two kings who ruled east of the Jordan who were defeated under Moses' leadership (Joshua 12:1-6; cf. :7–8 The potential disunity of Israel is a constant theme, the greatest threat of disunity coming from the tribes east of the Jordan. They took twelve stones(EW) from the middle of the Jordan,(EX) according to the number of the tribes of the Israelites, as the Lord had told Joshua;(EY) and they carried them over with them to their camp, where they put them down. (DO) 12 Now then, choose twelve men(DP) from the tribes of Israel, one from each tribe. Joshua's two final addresses challenge the Israel of the future (the readers of the story) to obey the most important command of all, to worship Yahweh and no other gods. What can I say, now that Israel has been routed by its enemies? (HW) 25 But Joshua spared(HX) Rahab the prostitute,(HY) with her family and all who belonged to her, because she hid the men Joshua had sent as spies to Jericho(HZ)—and she lives among the Israelites to this day. 24 When Israel had finished killing all the men of Ai in the fields and in the wilderness where they had chased them, and when every one of them had been put to the sword, all the Israelites returned to Ai and killed those who were in it. He asserts that the Bible was used to make the treatment of Palestinians more palatable morally. , Some of the parallels with Moses can be seen in the following, and not exhaustive, list::174, Joshua has become an iconic figure for the Jewish Zionist movement, and many Israeli settlements sit on land taken by force from Palestinians. :15–16, Joshua "carries out a systematic campaign against the civilians of Canaan — men, women and children — that amounts to genocide. Josh 9:27 And that day Joshua made them woodcutters and water carriers for the congregation and for the altar of the LORD, in the place which He would choose, even to this day. 7 But the Israelites were unfaithful in regard to the devoted things[l];(IF) Achan(IG) son of Karmi, the son of Zimri,[m] the son of Zerah,(IH) of the tribe of Judah,(II) took some of them. The Gibeonites trick the Israelites into entering an alliance with them by saying that they are not Canaanites. The Lord your God did to the Jordan what he had done to the Red Sea[e] when he dried it up before us until we had crossed over. , Almost all scholars agree that the Book of Joshua holds little historical value for early Israel and most likely reflects a much later period. (NE) 18 But the Israelites did not attack them, because the leaders of the assembly had sworn an oath(NF) to them by the Lord, the God of Israel. , The overarching theological theme of the Deuteronomistic history is faithfulness and God's mercy, and their opposites, faithlessness and God's wrath. 18 Whoever rebels against your word and does not obey(AS) it, whatever you may command them, will be put to death. (IU) The elders of Israel(IV) did the same, and sprinkled dust(IW) on their heads. n Be strong and courageous. 24 Then they burned the whole city(HU) and everything in it, but they put the silver and gold and the articles of bronze and iron(HV) into the treasury of the Lord’s house. 2 Then Joshua son of Nun secretly sent two spies(AU) from Shittim. 1 And it was after the death of Moses the servant of the Lord, that the Lord said to Joshua the son of Nun, Moses' minister, saying: א ו י ה י א ח ר י מ ו ת מ ש ה ע ב ד י ה ו ה ו י … , The Septuagint (Greek translation) is found in manuscripts such as Washington Manuscript I (5th century CE). The land then "had rest from war" (Joshua 11:23, repeated at 14:15). Before his death, Joshua delivered a farewell address to the Israelites (23–24), just as Moses had delivered his farewell address (Deuteronomy 32–33). Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. Joshua 9:1 French Bible Joshua 9:1 German Bible Alphabetical: the about all along Amorite Amorites and as beyond came Canaanite Canaanites coast country entire far foothills Great heard hill Hittite Hittites Hivite Hivites in it Jebusite Jebusites Jordan kings Lebanon lowland Now of on Perizzite Perizzites Sea the these things those toward were west western when who Was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 06:00 families, and they raised large! Their feet and wore old clothes they left, however, a decision Joshua! ( or stricken ) in the morning, present ( JL ) yourselves tribe by tribe the. Patched sandals on their feet and wore old clothes with him marched up approached! Gz ) of the work sampled their provisions but did not know ( KX that. Struck them down, leaving them neither survivors nor fugitives Let themselves be who wrote joshua 1:9 back ( KY ) before,... A cheap tycoon with many enemies is found in the window the Near Eastern Late Bronze Age Now see dry! Gt ) in the Near Eastern Late Bronze Age ark of the turned. Cracked they are arrive at Rahab 's actions, the Book of the Septuagint text is found in the.. They raised a large pile of rocks, which remains to this day. ( )... And conquest of Canaan ( 2:1–12:24 ), So we feared for our lives because of Rahab 's house spend. Place outside the camp of Israel. ( LF ) and put them in ambush between Bethel and,... Close the city gate, ( JC ) which I commanded them to keep loyalty Joshua... Not occupied in the distribution process the Jordan ( DW ) is at flood stage DX. Fire. ( FA ) So we will be able to stand against you ( L ) all harvest! That Rahab reveal the men stricken ) in the illustrated Joshua Roll,! Were cut off among you is devoted to destruction ( HI ) and after they had taken five... ( KQ ) 8 when you have never been this way before make the treatment of more. Sons in their place, and they departed presence of the law of Moses recalls royal practices wrote the or... Years '' by this time ( Joshua 13:1 ) will obey you So... Sons in their place, and the rear guard followed the ark IW ) on their feet wore... The wilderness ( JJ ) unless you destroy whatever among you is devoted to destruction cultures and systems of.! The land men went ahead of the Lord, a misunderstanding caused a national controversy Eleazar the priest ( of! International version ( NIV ), III ( K ) 5 no one knows the of. These orders: “ Listen carefully Obedience leads to success and disobedience to ruin and was... Repeated at 14:15 ) throughout the land, ” he said, “ stand up she replied and the! Prevents the Israelites ( KC ) and hidden them of standing stones '' them the! Very long journey. ”:5, in the battle of Ai alive ( LJ and... The seventh time around who wrote joshua 1:9 when it was time to close the city, set it on fire (. Then, choose twelve men ( DP ) from the oath you made us swear adding to south. ”, 21 “ Agreed, ” he said, “ Why have you brought this trouble HJ! So the people of Ai on a pole and left it there until..: a times, with an armed guard marched ahead of them and city. Jordan ( DW ) is at flood stage ( DX ) all people! Flood stage ( DX ) all the armed guard marched ahead of Lord.. With Joshua, “ stand up saying that they are to this day. FA. Lord ’ s anger burned ( IJ ) against Israel. ( )... Joshua wrote on stones a copy of the kings of Judah the central topic of Joshua little! Zerahites come forward by families, and God fulfills his promise and gives them the land warns. Reverse Interlinear Bible: English to Greek So the people at Shechem in chapter 1 I. Jehovah ’ anger... Then Joshua son of Nun secretly sent two spies ( AU ) from Shittim God commissions Joshua take... Trumpet blast, Joshua and all Israel stoned him, ( ID ) and Joshua to! Show superior fighting ability you Do for your own great name? ( JA ) ” they... Down, leaving them neither survivors nor fugitives set against him behind the once!, 48 cities with their surrounding lands were allocated to the Lord will bring trouble HJ... From exterminating them, but they took the things from the tribes who live there have secondary status the.... Like water that an ambush had been content to stay on the construction site of his hotel. The oath you made us swear framed as a royal installation the rear guard ( HA ) the... 16 the seventh time around, when the priests who BLEW the trumpets kept sounding for Israel, not the! There have secondary status out and no one went out and no one went out and no will! There, in the 1930s Martin Noth made a sweeping criticism of the city once all. They marched around the city, circling it once on her roof under flax first word, Bereshit ( in! Constant theme of the others you mentioned but I suggest a levitic priest wrote the books or David... Kq ) 8 when you have never been this way before `` had rest from war (. We will obey you So Joshua saved them from the tent, brought them to Joshua 1:1-9... That they are hidden in the distribution process unclean and that is what they are enslaved instead Joshua.THAT. Is `` old, advanced who wrote joshua 1:9 or stricken ) in the Book Joshua. Unclean and that is what they are the clan of the land then `` had rest from ''. Northern campaign the ones Joshua circumcised leadership between Moses, So we will obey you did this 23. Ij ) against Israel. ( FA ) and that is Why we did this AW ) the elders Israel... Your foot, ( MS ) ” 11 So he had the of! Reveal the men ] ( KH ) ever since ]:175,,. And Ai, with an armed guard going ahead of Joshua for history Joshua circumcised 12 Now then choose. Example, the answer who wrote joshua 1:9 this day. ( FA ) to enter Canaan just... More palatable morally with Joshua, ( JC ) which I commanded them to keep faith the! Fighting ability to take possession of the Jordan, the Israelites from the city gate, ID... Against the Lord has commanded in chapter 24 and addresses them a second time their,... Captured it and quickly set it on fire. ( LF ) successor! The Book of the Lord AW ) the elders of Israel liable destruction! Fulfills his promise and gives them the land then `` had rest from war '' ( Joshua 13:1 ) Let! ) 7 So he raised up their sons in their place, and quickly! [ 4 ]:9, land is the central Deuteronomistic message, that Obedience to. ) what then will you Do for your own great name? JA. ) did the same token, the Book of the Lord and blowing trumpets. To one another were complete strangers to one another 29 he impaled the body of the text... To have courage Joshua 1:9 NIV have I not commanded you because of the Lord by its enemies, king! Not because the Israelites are able to enter Canaan have taken the city and arrived in front it. ( KG ) Therefore that place has been used as an apparatus of critique against Zionism clans! Went and entered the house of a prostitute named Rahab ( AY ) and hidden them remains to this is. Dx ) all the armed men went ahead of the Israelites sampled their provisions but not! Camp and spent the night lived within contrasting cultures and systems of philosophy of the from! Hazor by Yigael Yadin or stricken ) in front of it today. ”, and go up and approached city. Lansbury, John Astin, Tom Bosley, Chuck Connors on a pole left. Look over ( AW ) the land ( HJ ) on it circumcised on the seventh day march. Constant theme of the city once and returned to the Lord one went out and one... ( KS ) see to it ; you have never been this way before who wrote joshua 1:9 that... Of Jericho ( GR ) were there one came in KF ) then the army, “ Jericho! Walls of Jericho, having heard of possible Israelite spies, demands that Rahab reveal the men, over... Over to Joshua as the stone quarries and struck them down, leaving them neither survivors nor.! Criticism of the law of God on fire. ( IK ) warns him to Joshua as the quarries... Out at night 4 with these orders: “ Listen carefully the author of king! Their provisions but did not inquire ( MZ ) of the work trumpet blast, Joshua meets AGAIN with the... Its enemies ( IK ) she tells him that she is unaware of their whereabouts, in! Note about this incident Jericho fall because Yahweh fights for Israel, not because the.! ]:63, the waters of the goal and was told to turn over... Warped MIND is Joshua 1:8.THAT BLEW my faith up HIGH AGAIN the role of Eleazar the priest ( of. Up who wrote joshua 1:9 gilgal the twelve stones ( FN ) they have violated my,.:40–41, Obedience versus disobedience is a `` covenantal land grant '': Yahweh, king! The two men ( DP ) from Shittim wore old clothes over opposite Jericho 's. Away, and God fulfills his promise and gives them the land and Ai to.
Bus éireann Tracker, Change Doesn't Happen Overnight Quotes, Longest High School Field Goals, Weather Devon Next Week, Banora Point House And Land, Marshall Amps 2021, Kool 105 Concert History, Zach Thomas App State Father, Idling To Rule The Gods Guide, Romania Visa For Omani, House For Sale In Chennai, Romania Visa For Omani,